One hundred years ago on 24 September 1917
31st Battery, Canadian Field Artillery, Canadian Expeditionary Force was a sub-unit of the 9th Canadian Field Artillery Brigade in the 3rd Canadian Division. The 9th Brigade war diary records:
The brigade remained at rest at this point until the end of the month, most of the time being devoted to cleaning equipment and grooming horses.
31st Battery, Canadian Field Artillery was attached to 10th Canadian Field Artillery Brigade during this period. The 10th Brigade war diary records that:
Fine and warm. Last night 40th Battery moved teo guns from forward position to Battle Position, and also turned over one gun to the 45th Battery for sniping. 40th Battery shelled heavily from noon to midnight with 5.9’s and 8 inch. One gun and pit damaged, one man attached from tunnelling coy and one man from D.A.C. wounded. Gnr Robinson, 40th Battery, and Gnr Casey, 38th Battery wounded. A system of retaliation flares and artillery action was put in force today. This is a new departure, as heretofore flares have been used for S.O.S. only. This new scheme should prove of assistance to the infantry and also reduce needless ammunition expenditure. Probably “lengthen” or “shorten” and “stop S.O.S.” signals will soon be used. Recommendation for V.C. for Gnr H Smith& D.C.M. for Corporal Almand, both of 39th Battery received for saving lives and 5 men during shelling of 40th Bty.
3rd Canadian Divisional Artillery war diary records:
FORT GEORGE - Enemy artillery was very active, apparently practicing barrages and calibrating. Both sides were much more active in the air than usual. Ammunition expended: BX.35. Guns in action: 19 - 18pdrs., 6 - 4.5"hows.
5th Canadian Siege Battery, Canadian Artillery, Canadian Expeditionary Force was a sub-unit of 1st Canadian Heavy Artillery Group. Their war diary records:
ANGRES - During the month we were bombarded with Gas shells on several occasions also shelled 8” and 5.9” losing a quantity of ammunition.
1st Canadian Heavy Artillery Group war diary records:
Cabaret Rouge – Period very quiet. Very little firing done whatever during this time.
General Officer Commanding, Royal Artillery, Canadian Corps war diary records:
In the Field - Artillery Order, No. 85 issued. Heavy shelling of battery positions near DOUBLE CRASSIER and 5th CDA batteries.
15th Field Artillery Regiment RCA perpetuates the following sub units:
31st Battery, Canadian Field Artillery, Canadian Expeditionary Force,
5th Canadian Siege Battery, Canadian Artillery, Canadian Expeditionary Force,
68th Battery, Canadian Field Artillery, North Russia Expeditionary Force, was not authorized to be formed until 3 August 1918, and
85th Battery, Canadian Siberian Expeditionary Force was not authorized to be formed until 12 July 1918.